Geomatics and Landscape Ecology Research Laboratory Monday, 27 May 2024 12:27 am  

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Journal Papers


Collins, Sara, L. Bellingham, G.W. Mitchell, and L. Fahrig. 2019. Life in the slow drain: Landscape structure affects farm ditch water quality. Science of the Total Environment. 656: 1157-1167. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.11.400 [PDF]

Fahrig, Lenore, et al.. 2019. Is habitat fragmentation bad for biodiversity? Biological Conservation. 230: 179-186. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2018.12.026 [PDF]

Fahrig, Lenore. 2019. Habitat fragmentation: a long and tangled tale. Global Ecology and Biogeography. 28: 33-41. DOI: 10.1111/geb.12839 [PDF]

Sirami, C. , N Gross, A.B. Baillod, C. Bertrand, R. Carrié, A. Hass, ..., J. Girard, L. Tischendorf, S. Mitchell, K. Lindsay, J-l Martin, L. Fahrig, and 36 others. 2019. Increasing crop heterogeneity enhances multitrophic diversity across agricultural regions. Proc. National Academy of Sciences of the USA. online: . DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1906419116

Put (Jackson), Julia, L Fahrig and GW Mitchell. 2019. Bats respond negatively to increases in the amount and homogenization of agricultural land cover. Landscape Ecology. online: . DOI: 10.1007/s10980-019-00855-2


Bennett, Joseph, S. Maxwell, A. Martin, I. Chadès, L. Fahrig, and B. Gilbert. 2018. When to monitor and when to act: Value of information theory for multiple management units and limited budgets. J of Appl. Ecology. 55: 2102-2113. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.13132 [PDF]

Martin, Amanda, and L. Fahrig. 2018. Habitat specialist birds disperse farther and are more migratory than habitat generalist birds. Ecology. 99: 2058-2066. DOI: 10.1002/ecy.2428 [PDF]

Monck-Whipp, Liv, AE Martin, CM Francis and L Fahrig. 2018. Farmland heterogeneity benefits bats in agricultural landscapes. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 253: 131-139. [PDF]

Ascensão, F. , L. Fahrig, A.P. Clevenger, R. Corlett, J. Jaeger, W.F. Laurance, and H.M. Pereira. 2018. Environmental challenges for the Belt and Road Initiative. Nature Sustainability. 1: 206-209. DOI: 10.1038/s41893-018-0059-3 [PDF]

Hass, A.L. , U.G. Kormann, T. Tscharntke, Y. Clough, A.B. Baillod, C. Sirami, L. Fahrig, J.L. Martin, J. Baudry, C. Bertrand, J. Bosch, L. Brotons, F. Burel, R. Georges, D. Giralt, M.Á. Marcos-García, A. Ricarte, G. Siriwardena, and P. Batáry . 2018. Landscape configurational heterogeneity by small-scale agriculture, not crop diversity, maintains pollinators and plant reproduction in Western Europe. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. B 285: 20172242. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2017.2242 [PDF]

Hill, M.J. , C. Hassall, B. Oertli, L. Fahrig, B.J. Robson, J. Biggs, M.J. Samways, N. Usio, N. Takamura, J. Krishnaswamy, and P.J. Wood. 2018. New policy directions for global pond conservation. Conservation Letters. : e12447. DOI: 10.1111/connl.12447 [PDF]

Put (Jackson), Julia, G. Mitchell and L. Fahrig. 2018. Higher bat and prey abundance at organic than conventional soybean fields. Biological Conservation. 226: 177-185. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2018.06.021 [PDF]

Sawatzky, Margaret, A.E. Martin and L. Fahrig. 2018. Landscape context is more important than wetland buffers for farmland amphibians. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 269: 97-106. DOI: 10.1016/j.agee.2018.09.021 [PDF]


Teixeira, Fernanda Zimmerman, A Kindel, SM Hartz, S Mitchell, and L Fahrig. 2017. When road-kill hotspots do not indicate the best sitesfor road-kill mitigation. Journal of Applied Ecology. 54(5): 1544-1551. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12870 [PDF]

Collins, Sara, and L Fahrig. 2017. Responses of anurans to composition and configuration of agricultural landscapes. Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Environment. 239: 399-409. DOI: 10.1016/j.agee.2016.12.038 [PDF]

Fahrig, Lenore. 2017. Ecological responses to habitat fragmentation per se. Annual Reviews of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics. 48: 1-23. [PDF]

Martin, Amanda, A Desrochers and L Fahrig. 2017. Homogenization of dispersal ability across bird species in response to landscape change. Oikos. 126: 996-1003. DOI: 10.1111/oik.03859 [PDF]

Martin, Amanda, J Pearce Higgins and L Fahrig. 2017. The spatial scale of time-lagged population synchrony increases with species dispersal distance. Global Ecology and Biogeography. 26: 1201-1210. [PDF]

Arroyo-Rodríguez, V , RA Saldaña-Vázquez, L Fahrig and BA Santos. 2017. Does forest fragmentation cause an increase in forest temperature? Ecological Research. 32: 81-88. [PDF]

Duflot, R , A Ernoult, S Aviron, L Fahrig and F Burel. 2017. Relative effects of landscape composition and configuration on multi-habitat gamma diversity in agricultural landscapes. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 241: 62-69. DOI: 10.1016/j.agee.2017.02.035 [PDF]

Melo, GL , J Sponshiado, N Cáceras and L Fahrig.. 2017. Testing the habitat amount hypothesis for South American small mammals. Biological Conservation. 209: 304-314. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2017.02.031 [PDF]

Miguet, P , L Fahrig and C Lavigne. 2017. How to quantify a distance-dependent landscape effect on a biological response. Methods in Ecology and Evolution. 8: 1717–1724. [PDF]

Seibold, S , C Bässler, R Brandl, L Fahrig, B Förster, M Heurich, T Hothorn, F Scheipl, S Thorn and J Müller.. 2017. An experimental test of the habitat-amount hypothesis for saproxylic beetles in a forested region. Ecology. 98: 1613-1622. DOI: 10.1002/ecy.1819 [PDF]

Wilson S , GW Mitchell, J Pasher, M McGovern, M-AR Hudson and L Fahrig. 2017. Influence of crop type, heterogeneity and woody structure on avian biodiversity in agricultural landscapes. Ecological Indicators. 83: 218-226. [PDF]


Koumaris, Alex, and L Fahrig. 2016. Different anuran species show different relationships to agricultural intensity. Wetlands. 36: 731-744. [PDF]

Martin, Amanda, and L Fahrig. 2016. Reconciling contradictory relationships between mobility and extinction risk in human-altered landscapes. Functional Ecology. 30: 1558-1567. [PDF]

Jackson ND , and L Fahrig. 2016. Habitat amount, not habitat configuration, best predicts population genetic structure in fragmented landscapes. Landscape Ecology. 31: 951-968. [PDF]

Miguet P , HB Jackson, ND Jackson, AE Martin and L Fahrig. 2016. What determines the spatial extent of landscape effects on species? Landscape Ecology. 31: 1177-1194. [PDF]

Suarez-Esteban, A , L Fahrig, M Delibes and JM Fedriani. 2016. Can anthropogenic linear gaps increase plant abundance and diversity? Landscape Ecology. 31: 721-729. [PDF]

Rytwinski, Trina, K Soanes, JAG Jaeger, L Fahrig, CS Findlay, J Houlahan, R van der Ree and EA van der Grift. 2016. How effective is road mitigation at reducing road-kill? A meta-analysis. PLOS ONE. 11(11): e0166941. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0166941 [PDF]


Bird Jackson, Heather, and Fahrig, L.. 2015. Are ecologists conducting research at the right scale? Global Ecology and Biogeography. 24: 52-63. [PDF]

Downing, Richard, T Rytwinski and L Fahrig. 2015. Positive effects of roads on small mammals: A test of the predation release hypothesis. Ecological Research. 30: 651-662. [PDF]

Fahrig, Lenore. 2015. Just a hypothesis: a reply to Hanski. Journal of Biogeography. 42: 993-994. [PDF]

Fahrig, Lenore, J. Girard, D. Duro, J. Pasher, A. Smith, S. Javorek, D. King, K. Freemark Lindsay, S. Mitchell and L. Tischendorf. 2015. Farmlands with smaller crop fields have higher within-field biodiversity. Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Environment. 200: 219-234. DOI: 10.1016/j.agee.2014.11.018 [PDF]

Gagné, Sara, F. Eigenbrod, D.G. Bert, G.M. Cunnington, L.T. Olson, A.C. Smith, and L. Fahrig . 2015. . A simple landscape design framework for biodiversity conservation. 136: 13-27. DOI: 0.1016/j.landurbplan.2014.11.006 [PDF]

Jack, Joanna, Rytwinski, T., Fahrig, L. and Francis, C.M.. 2015. Influence of traffic mortality on forest bird abundance. Biodiversity and Conservation . 24: 1507–1529. [PDF]

Martin, Amanda, and L Fahrig. 2015. Matrix quality and disturbance frequency drive evolution of species behaviour at habitat boundaries. Ecology and Evolution. 5: 5792-5800. [PDF]

Patenaude, Theresa, A Smith and L Fahrig.. 2015. Disentangling the effects of wetland loss and urban development on the quality of remaining wetlands. Urban Ecosystems. 18: 663-684. [PDF]

Carrara, Emilia , V. Arroyo-Rodríguez, J. H. Vega-Rivera, J.E. Schondube, S.M. de Freitas, and L Fahrig . 2015. Impact of landscape composition and configuration on forest specialist and generalist bird species in the fragmented Lacandona rainforest, Mexico. Biological Conservation. 184: 117-126. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2015.01.014 [PDF]

Duflot, R , S Aviron, A Ernoult, L Fahrig and F Burel.. 2015. Reconsidering the role of 'semi-natural habitat' in farmland biodiversity: a case study. Ecological Research. 30: 75-83. [PDF]

Quesnelle, Pauline, Lindsay, K. and Fahrig, L.. 2015. Relative effects of landscape-scale wetland amount and landscape matrix quality on wetland vertebrates: a meta-analysis. Ecological Applications . 25: 812-825. [PDF]

Rytwinski, Trina, R van der Ree, GM Cunnington, L Fahrig, CS Findlay, J Houlahan, JAG Jaeger, K Soanes and EA van der Grift.. 2015. Experimental study designs to improve the evaluation of road mitigation measures for wildlife. Journal of Environmental Management. 154: 48-64. [PDF]


Cunnington, Glenn, E. Garrah, E. Eberhardt and L. Fahrig. 2014. Culverts alone do not reduce road mortality in anurans. Écoscience . 21: 69-78. [PDF]

Dorland, Alex, T. Rytwinski and L. Fahrig. 2014. Do roads reduce Painted Turtle (Chrysemys picta) populations? PLOS ONE. 9(5): e98414. [PDF]

Duro, Dennis, J Girard, D J King, L Fahrig, S Mitchell, K Lindsay, and L Tischendorf . 2014. Predicting species diversity in agricultural environments using Landsat TM imagery. Remote Sensing of Environment. 144(C): 214-225. DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2014.01.001 [PDF]

Arroyo-Rodriguez, V. , and L. Fahrig. 2014. Why is a Landscape Perspective Important in Studies of Primates? American Journal of Primatology . 76: 901-909. [PDF]

Betts, M.G. , L. Fahrig, A.S. Hadley, K.E. Halstead, W.D. Robinson, J.A. Wiens and D.B. Lindenmayer. 2014. A species-centered approach for uncovering generalities in organism responses to habitat loss and fragmentation. Ecography. 37: 517-527. [PDF]

Girard, J. , P. Mineau and L. Fahrig. 2014. Higher nestling food biomass in organic than conventional soybean fields in eastern Ontario, Canada. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment . 189: 199-205. [PDF]

Vargas-Salinas, F. , G.M. Cunnington, A. Amézquita and L. Fahrig. 2014. Does traffic noise alter calling time in frogs and toads? A case study of anurans in Eastern Ontario, Canada. Urban Ecosystems. 17: 945-953. [PDF]

Quesnelle, Pauline, K. Lindsay and L. Fahrig. 2014. Low reproductive rate predicts species sensitivity to habitat loss: a meta-analysis of wetland vertebrates. PLOS ONE. 9(3): e90926. [PDF]

Smith, Adam, C.M. Francis and L. Fahrig. 2014. Similar effects of residential and non-residential vegetation on bird diversity in suburban neighbourhoods. Urban Ecosystems. 17: 27-44. [PDF]


Cunnington, Glenn, and L Fahrig. 2013. Mate attraction by male anurans in the presence of traffic noise. Animal Conservation. 16: 275-285. [PDF]

Eberhardt, Ewen, S Mitchell and L Fahrig. 2013. Road kill hotspots do not effectively indicate mitigation locations when past road kill has depressed populations. The Journal of Wildlife Management. 77(7): 1353-1359. DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.592 [PDF]

Fahrig, Lenore. 2013. Rethinking patch size and isolation effects: the habitat amount hypothesis. Journal of Biogeography. 40: 1649-1663. [PDF]

Pasher, Jon, S W Mitchell, D J King, L Fahrig, A C Smith, and K E Lindsay. 2013. Optimizing landscape selection for estimating relative effects of landscape variables on ecological responses. Landscape Ecology. 28(3): 371-383. DOI: 10.1007/s10980-013-9852-6 [PDF]

Daoust, SP , L Fahrig, AE Martin and F Thomas. 2013. From forest and agro-ecosystems to the microecosystems of the human body: what can landscape ecology tell us about tumor growth, metastasis and treatment options? Evolutionary Applications. 6: 82-91. [PDF]

Melo, FPL , V Arroyo-Rodriguez, L Fahrig, M Martinez-Ramos and M Tabarelli. 2013. On the hope for biodiversity-friendly tropical landscapes. Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 28: 462-468. [PDF]

van der Grift, E.A. , R. Van Der Ree, L. Fahrig, C.S. Findlay, J.E. Houlahan, J.A.G. Jaeger, N. Klar, L.F. Madriñan and L. Olson. 2013. Evaluating the effectiveness of road mitigation measures. Biodiversity and Conservation. 22: 425-448. [PDF]

Quesnelle, Pauline, L Fahrig and K Lindsay . 2013. Effects of habitat loss, habitat configuration and matrix composition on declining wetland species. Biological Conservation. 160: 200-208. [PDF]

Rytwinski, Trina, and Lenore Fahrig. 2013. Why are some animal populations unaffected or positively affected by roads? Oecologia. 173: 1143-1156. [PDF]


Bird Jackson, Heather, and L. Fahrig. 2012. What size is a biologically relevant landscape? Landscape Ecology. 27: 929-941. DOI: 10.1007/s10980-013-9852-6 [PDF]

Coffey, Heather, and L Fahrig. 2012. Relative effects of vehicle pollution, moisture and colonization sources on urban lichens. Journal of Applied Ecology. 49: 1467-1474. [PDF]

Girard, Jude, A Baril, P Mineau and L Fahrig. 2012. Foraging habitat and diet of Song Sparrows (Melospiza melodia) nesting in farmland: a stable isotope approach. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 90: 1339-1350. [PDF]

Martin, Amanda, and L Fahrig. 2012. Measuring and selecting scales of effect for landscape predictors in species-habitat models. Ecological Applications. 22: 2277–2292. [PDF]

Munro, Keith, J. Bowman and L. Fahrig . 2012. Effect of paved road density on abundance of white-tailed deer. Wildlife Research. 39: 478-487. DOI: 10.1071/WR11152 [PDF]

Flick, T , S. Feagan and L. Fahrig. 2012. Effects of landscape structure on butterfly species richness and abundance in agricultural landscapes in eastern Ontario, Canada. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 156: 123-133. DOI: 10.1016/j.agee.2012.05.006 [PDF]

Lesbarrères, D. , and L. Fahrig. 2012. Measures to reduce population fragmentation by roads: what has worked and how do we know? Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 27: 374-380. DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2012.01.015 [PDF]

Tscharntke, T. , J. Tylianakis, T. Rand, R Didham, L. Fahrig, P. Batary, J. Bengtsson, Y. Clough, T. Crist, C. Dormann, R. Ewers, R. Holt, A. Holzschuh, A. Klein, C. Kremen, D. Landis, W. Laurance, D. Lindenmayer, C. Scherber, N. Sodhi, I. Steffan-Dewenter, C. Thies, W. vanderPutten and C. Westphal. 2012. Landscape moderation of biodiversity patterns and processes - eight hypotheses. Biological Reviews. 87: 661-685. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-185X.2011.00216.x [PDF]

Rytwinski, Trina, and L. Fahrig. 2012. Do species life history traits explain population responses to roads? A meta-analysis. Biological Conservation. 147: 87-98. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2011.11.023 [PDF]


Eigenbrod, Felix, S. J. Hecnar and L. Fahrig. 2011. Sub-optimal study design has major impacts on landscape-scale inference. Biological Conservation. 144: 298-305. [PDF]

Ethier, Kevin, and L. Fahrig. 2011. Positive effects of forest fragmentation, independent of forest amount, on bat abundance in eastern Ontario, Canada. Landscape Ecology. 26: 865-876. [PDF]

Fahrig, Lenore, J Baudry, L Brotons, F G Burel, T O Crist, R J Fuller, C Sirami, G M Siriwardena and J-L Martin. 2011. Functional heterogeneity and biodiversity in agricultural landscapes. Ecology Letters. 14: 101-112. [PDF]

Gagné, Sara, and L. Fahrig. 2011. Do birds and beetles show similar responses to urbanization? Ecological Applications. 21: 2297-2312. [PDF]

Girard, Jude, A. Baril, P. Mineau and L. Fahrig. 2011. Carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios differ among invertebrates from field crops, forage crops, and non-cropped land uses. Écoscience. 18: 98-109. [PDF]

McLaren, Ashley, L. Fahrig and N. Waltho. 2011. Movement of small mammals across divided highways with vegetated medians. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 89: 1214-1222. [PDF]

Ewers, R.M. , R.K. Didham, L. Fahrig, G. Ferraz, A. Hector, R.D. Holt, V. Kapos, G. Reynolds, W. Sinun, J.L. Snaddon and E.C. Turner. 2011. A large-scale forest fragmentation experiment: the Stability of Altered Forest Ecosystems Project. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B. 366: 3292-3303. [PDF]

Jackson, N.D. , and L. Fahrig. 2011. Relative effects of road mortality and decreased connectivity on population genetic diversity. Biological Conservation. 144: 3143-3148. [PDF]

Ranius, T. , V. Johansson and L. Fahrig. 2011. Predicting spatial occurrence of beetles and pseudoscorpions in hollow oaks in southeastern Sweden. Biodiversity and Conservation. 20: 2027-2040. [PDF]

Seiferling, I.S. , R. Proulx, P.R. Peres-Neto, L. Fahrig and C. Messier. 2011. Measuring protected-area isolation and correlations of isolation with land-use intensity and protection status. Conservation Biology. 26: 610-618. [PDF]

Rytwinski, Trina, and L. Fahrig. 2011. Reproductive rate and body size predict road impacts on mammal abundance. Ecological Applications. 21: 589-600. [PDF]

Smith, Adam, L Fahrig and C M Francis. 2011. Landscape size affects the relative importance of habitat amount, habitat fragmentation, and matrix quality on forest birds. Ecography. 34: 103-113. [PDF]

Summers, Patricia, G.M. Cunnington and L. Fahrig. 2011. Are negative effects of roads on breeding birds caused by traffic noise? Journal of Applied Ecology. 48: 1527-1534. [PDF]


Cunnington, Glenn, and L Fahrig. 2010. Plasticity in the vocalizations of anurans in response to traffic noise. Acta Oecologica. 36: 463-470. [PDF]

Gagné, Sara, and L Fahrig. 2010. The trade-off between housing density and sprawl area: minimising impacts to forest breeding birds. Basic and Applied Ecology. 11: 723-733. [PDF]

Gagné, Sara, and L Fahrig. 2010. The effects of time since urbanisation on anuran community composition in remnant urban ponds. Environmental Conservation. 37: 128-135. [PDF]

Gagné, Sara, and L Fahrig. 2010. The trade-off between housing density and sprawl area: minimizing impacts to carabid beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae). Ecology and Society. 15(4): 12 (online). [PDF]

Ranius, T. , V. Johansson and L. Fahrig. 2010. A comparison of patch connectivity measures using data on invertebrates in hollow oaks. Ecography. 33: 1-8. [PDF]

Proulx, Raphael, and L. Fahrig. 2010. Detecting human-driven deviations from trajectories in landscape composition and configuration. Landscape Ecology. 25: 1479-1487. [PDF]


Bouchard, Julie, A. T. Ford, F.E. Eigenbrod and L. Fahrig. 2009. Behavioural responses of Northern leopard frogs (Rana pipiens) to roads and traffic: Implications for population persistence. Ecology and Society. 14(2): online. [PDF]

Eigenbrod, Felix, S.J. Hecnar and L. Fahrig. 2009. Quantifying the road effect zone: threshold effects of a motorway on anuran populations in Ontario, Canada. Ecology and Society. 14: 24 [online]. [PDF]

Fahrig, Lenore, and T. Rytwinski. 2009. Effects of roads on animal abundance: An empirical review and synthesis. Ecology and Society. 14: 21 [online]. [PDF]

Smith, Adam, N. Koper, C.M. Francis and L. Fahrig. 2009. Confronting collinearity: Comparing methods for disentangling the effects of habitat loss and fragmentation. Landscape Ecology. 24: 1271-1285. [PDF]

Tittler, Rebecca, M.-A. Villard and L. Fahrig. 2009. How far do songbirds disperse? Ecography. 32: 1051-1061. [PDF]


Eigenbrod, Felix, S. J. Hecnar, and L. Fahrig. 2008. The relative effects of road traffic and forest cover on anuran populations. Biological Conservation. 141: 35-46. [PDF]

Eigenbrod, Felix, S. J. Hecnar, and L. Fahrig. 2008. Accessible habitat: an improved measure of the effects of habitat loss and roads on wildlife populations. Landscape Ecology. 23: 159-168. [PDF]

Ford, Adam, and L. Fahrig. 2008. Movement patterns of eastern chipmunks (Tamias striatus) near roads. Journal of Mammalogy. 89: 895-903. [PDF]

Gagné, Sara, R. Proulx and L. Fahrig. 2008. Testing Holling's textural-discontinuity hypothesis. Journal of Biogeography. 35: 2149-2150. [PDF]

Larivée, Maxim, L. Fahrig and P. Drapeau. 2008. Edge effects created by wildfire and clear-cutting on boreal forest ground-dwelling spiders. Forest Ecology and Management. 255: 1434-1445. [PDF]

McGregor, Rachelle, D.J. Bender, and L. Fahrig. 2008. Do small mammals avoid roads because of the traffic? Journal of Applied Ecology. 45: 117-123. [PDF]

Lindenmayer, D.B. , L. Fahrig et al.. 2008. A checklist for ecological management of landscapes for conservation. Ecology Letters. 11: 78-91. [PDF]


Duguay, Stéphanie, F. Eigenbrod, and L. Fahrig. 2007. Effects of surrounding urbanization on non-native flora in small forest patches. Landscape Ecology. 22: 589-599. [PDF]

Fahrig, Lenore. 2007. Non-optimal animal movement in human-altered landscapes. Functional Ecology. 21: 1003-101. [PDF]

Ford, Adam, and L. Fahrig. 2007. Diet and body size of North American mammal road mortalities. Transportation Research Part D. 12: 498-505. [PDF]

Gagné, Sara, and L. Fahrig. 2007. Effect of landscape context on anuran communities in breeding ponds in the National Capital Region, Canada. Landscape Ecology. 22: 205-215. [PDF]

Roedenbeck, I.A. , L. Fahrig, C.S. Findlay, J.E. Houlahan, J.A.G. Jaeger, N. Klar, S. Kramer-Schadt and E.A. van der Grift. 2007. The Rauischholzhausen-agenda for road ecology. Ecology and Society. 12(1): 11. [PDF]

Tews, J. , M. A. D. Ferguson, and L. Fahrig. 2007. Modeling density dependence and climatic disturbances in caribou: a case study from the Bathurst Island complex, Canadian High Arctic. Zoology. 272: 209-217. [PDF]

Tews, J. , M. A. D. Ferguson, and L. Fahrig. 2007. Potential net effects of climate change on High Arctic Peary caribou: Lessons from a spatially explicit simulation model. Ecological Modelling. 207: 85-98. [PDF]

Rytwinski, Trina, and L. Fahrig. 2007. Effect of road density on abundance of white-footed mice. Landscape Ecology. 22(10): 1501-1512. [PDF]


Ranius, T. , and L. Fahrig. 2006. Targets for maintenance of dead wood for biodiversity conservation based on extinction thresholds. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research. 21: 201-208. [PDF]

Ryall, K.L. , and L. Fahrig. 2006. Response of predators to loss and fragmentation of prey habitat: A review of theory. Ecology. 87: 1086-1093. [PDF]

Tittler, Rebecca, L. Fahrig and M. A. Villard. 2006. Evidence of large-scale source-sink dynamics and long distance dispersal among wood thrush populations. Ecology. 87(12): 3029-3036. [PDF]


Bender, Darren, and L. Fahrig. 2005. Matrix spatial structure can obscure the relationship between inter-patch movement and patch size and isolation. Ecology. 86: 1023-1033. [PDF]

Holland, Jeffrey D., L. Fahrig and N. Cappuccino. 2005. Body size affects the spatial scale of habitat-beetle interactions. Oikos. 110: 101-108. [PDF]

Holland, Jeffrey D., L. Fahrig and N. Cappuccino. 2005. Fecundity determines the extinction threshold in a Canadian assemblage of longhorned beetles (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Journal of Insect Conservation. 9: 109-119. [PDF]

Jaeger, Jochen, J. Bowman, J. Brennan, L. Fahrig, D. Bert, J. Bouchard, N. Charbonneau, K. Frank, B. Gruber and K. Tluk von Toschanowitz, K.. 2005. Predicting when animal populations are at risk from roads: an interactive model of road avoidance behavior. Ecological Modelling. 185: 329-348. [PDF]

Larivée, Maxim, L. Fahrig and P. Drapeau. 2005. Effects of a recent wildfire and clear-cuts on ground level spider assemblages of a boreal forest. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 35: 2575-2588. [PDF]

Ryall, K.L. , and L. Fahrig. 2005. Habitat loss decreases predator-prey ratios in a pine-bark beetle system. Oikos. 110: 265-270. [PDF]

Saint-Germain, M , M. Larivée, P. Drapeau, L. Fahrig and C.M. Buddl. 2005. Short-term response of ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) to disturbances of contrasting severity in a black spruce dominated boreal landscape. Forest Ecology and Management. 212: 118 - 12. [PDF]

Tischendorf, Lutz, A. Grez, T. Zaviezo and L. Fahrig. 2005. Mechanisms affecting population density in fragmented habitat. Ecology and Society. 10: 1. [PDF]


Charbonneau, Neil, and L. Fahrig. 2004. Influence of canopy cover and landscape structure on proportion of alien plant species in forest sites. Ecoscience. 11: 278-281.. [PDF]

Holland, Jeffrey D., D. Bert and L. Fahrig. 2004. Determining the spatial scale of species' response to habitat. BioScience. 54: 229-235. [PDF]

Jaeger, Jochen, and L. Fahrig. 2004. Under what conditions do fences reduce the effects of roads on population persistence? Conservation Biology. 18: 1651-1657. [PDF]

Brommit, A.G. , N. Charbonneau, T. A. Contreras and L. Fahrig. 2004. Crown loss and subsequent branch sprouting of forest trees in response to a major ice storm. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society. 131: 169-176. [PDF]

Darwin, A.T. , D. Ladd, R. Galdins, T. A. Contreras and L. Fahrig. 2004. Response of forest understory vegetation to a major ice storm. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society. 131: 45-52. [PDF]

Grez, A. , T. Zaviezo, L. Tischendorf and L. Fahrig. 2004. A transient, positive effect of habitat fragmentation on insect population densities. Oecologia. 141: 444-451. [PDF]


Bender, Darren, L. Tischendorf and L. Fahrig. 2003. Evaluation of patch isolation metrics for predicting animal movement in binary landscapes. Landscape Ecology. 18: 17-39. [PDF]

Fahrig, Lenore. 2003. Effects of habitat fragmentation on biodiversity. Annual Reviews of Ecology and Systematics. 34: 487-515. [PDF]

Tischendorf, Lutz, D. J. Bender and L. Fahrig. 2003. Evaluation of patch isolation metrics in mosaic landscapes for specialist vs. generalist dispersers. Landscape Ecology. 18: 41-50. [PDF]

Vance, Melissa, L. Fahrig and C.H. Flather. 2003. Relationship between minimum habitat requirements and annual reproductive rates in forest breeding birds. Ecology. 84: 2643-2653. [PDF]


Fahrig, Lenore. 2002. Effect of habitat fragmentation on the extinction threshold: a synthesis. Ecological Applications. 12: 346-353. [PDF]

Goodwin, Brett, and L. Fahrig. 2002. Effect of landscape structure on the movement behaviour of a specialized goldenrod beetle, Trirhabda borealis. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 80: 24-35. [PDF]

Goodwin, Brett, and L. Fahrig. 2002. How does landscape structure influence landscape connectivity. Oikos. 99: 552-570. [PDF]

Lee, Michelle, L. Fahrig, K. Freemark and D. Currie. 2002. Importance of Patch Scale vs. Landscape Scale on Selected Forest Birds. Oikos. 96: 110-118. [PDF]

Bowman, J. , N. Cappuccino and L. Fahrig. 2002. Patch size and population density: the effect of immigration behavior. Conservation Ecology. 6(1): 9. [PDF]

Bowman, J. , and L. Fahrig. 2002. Gap crossing by chipmunks: an experimental test of landscape connectivity. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 80: 1556-1561. [PDF]

Bowman, J. , J.A. Jaeger and L. Fahrig. 2002. Dispersal distance of mammals is proportional to home range size. Ecology. 83: 2049-2055. [PDF]


Carr, Laurie, and L. Fahrig. 2001. Impact of road traffic on two amphibian species of differing vagility. Conservation Biology. 15: 1071-1078. [PDF]

Fahrig, Lenore. 2001. How much habitat is enough? Biological Conservation. 100: 65-74. [PDF]

Langlois, Jean, L. Fahrig, G. Merriam and H. Artsob. 2001. Landscape structure influences continental distribution of hantavirus in deer mice. Landscape Ecology. 16: 255 - 266. [PDF]

Tischendorf, Lutz, and L. Fahrig. 2001. Reply: On the use of connectivity measures in spatial ecology. Oikos. 95: 152-155. [PDF]


Holland, Jeffrey D., and L. Fahrig. 2000. Effect of woody borders on insect density and diversity in crop fields: A landscape-scale analysis. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 78: 115-122. [PDF]

Pope, Shealagh, L. Fahrig and H.G. Merriam. 2000. Landscape complementation and metapopulation effects on leopard frog populations. Ecology. 81: 2498-2508. [PDF]

Tischendorf, Lutz, and L. Fahrig. 2000. How should we measure landscape connectivity. Landscape Ecology. 15: 633-641.. [PDF]

Tischendorf, Lutz, and L. Fahrig. 2000. On the usage and measurement of landscape connectivity. Oikos. 90: 7-19.. [PDF]


Goodwin, Brett, D.J. Bender, T.A. Contreras, L. Fahrig and J.F. Wegner.. 1999. Testing for habitat detection distances using orientation data. Oikos. 84: 160-163. [PDF]

Goodwin, Brett, A.J. McAllister, and L. Fahrig. 1999. Characteristics of invading plant species: common attributes or simply representative of species from the area of origin? Conservation Biology. 13: 422-426. [PDF]

Teshome, A. , L. Fahrig, J.K. Torrence, J.D. Lambert, T.J. Arnason, and B.R. Baum. 1999. Maintenance of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor, Poacae) landrace diversity by farmers' selection in Ethiopia. Economic Botany. 53: 79-88.

Teshome, A. , J.K. Torrence, B.R. Baum, L. Fahrig, J.D.H. Lambert, and J.T. Arnason. 1999. Traditional farmers' knowledge of sorghum landrace [Sorghum bicolor (Poaceae)] storability in Ethiopia. Economic Botany. 53: 69-78.

Trzcinski, M. Kurtis, L. Fahrig and G. Merriam. 1999. Independent effects of forest cover and fragmentation on the distribution of forest breeding birds. Ecological Applications. 9: 586-593. [PDF]


Bender, Darren, T.A. Contreras and L. Fahrig. 1998. Habitat loss and population decline: A meta-analysis of the patch size effect. Ecology. 79: 517-533. [PDF]

Fahrig, Lenore. 1998. When does fragmentation of breeding habitat affect population survival. Ecological Modelling. 105: 273-292. [PDF]

Fahrig, Lenore, and I. D. Jonsen. 1998. Effects of habitat patch characteristics on abundance and diversity of insects in an agricultural landscape. Ecosystems. 2: 1-10. [PDF]

Fahrig, Lenore, S.E. Pope, K.M. Henein and G.L. Rose. 1998. Relative effects of trap vs. trawl fisheries on population dynamics of the northern cod stock. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 55: 76-85. [PDF]

Bhar, R. , and L. Fahrig. 1998. Local vs. landscape effects of woody field borders as barriers to crop pest movement. Conservation Ecology. [online] 2: 3. [PDF]

Venier, Lisa, and L. Fahrig. 1998. Intra-specific abundance-distribution relationships. Oikos. 82: 483-490. [PDF]


Fahrig, Lenore. 1997. Relative effects of habitat loss and fragmentation on species extinction. Journal of Wildlife Management. 61: 603-610. [PDF]

Pedlar, John, L. Fahrig and H.G. Merriam. 1997. Raccoon habitat use at two spatial scales. Journal of Wildlife Management. 61: 102-112. [PDF]

Jonsen, I.D. , and L. Fahrig. 1997. Response of generalist and specialist insect herbivores to landscape spatial structure. Landscape Ecology. 12: 187-195. [PDF]

Teshome, A. , B.R. Baum, L. Fahrig, J.K. Torrence, T.J. Arnason, and J.D Lambert. 1997. Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] landrace variation and classification in North Shewa and South Welo, Ethiopia. Euphytica. 97: 255-263. [PDF]


Fahrig, Lenore, and A. Grez. 1996. Population spatial structure, habitat fragmentation and biodiversity. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural. 69: 5-13. [PDF]

Venier, Lisa, and L. Fahrig. 1996. Habitat availability causes the species abundance-distrubution relationship. Oikos. 76: 564-570. [PDF]


Fahrig, Lenore, J.H. Pedlar, S.E. Pope, P.D. Taylor and J.F. Wegner. 1995. Effect of road traffic on amphibian density. Biological Conservation. 73: 177-182. [PDF]


Fahrig, Lenore, and G. Merriam. 1994. Conservation of fragmented populations. Conservation Biology. 8: 50-59. [PDF]

Fahrig, Lenore, D.P. Coffin, W.K. Lauenroth and H.H. Shugart. 1994. The advantage of long-distance clonal spreading in highly disturbed habitats. Evolutionary Ecology. 8: 172-187. [PDF]


Fahrig, Lenore. 1993. Effect of fish movement and fleet spatial behaviour on management of fish substocks. Natural Resource Modeling. 7: 37-56. [PDF]

Fahrig, Lenore, B. Hayden and R. Dolan. 1993. Distribution of barrier island plants in relation to overwash disturbance: a test of life history theory. Journal of Coastal Research. 9: 403-412. [PDF]

Fahrig, Lenore, G.R. Lilly and D.S. Miller. 1993. Predator stomachs as sampling tools for prey distribution: cod and capelin. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 50: 1541-1547. [PDF]

Taylor, P.D. , L. Fahrig, K. Henein and G. Merriam. 1993. Connectivity is a vital element of landscape structure. Oikos. 68: 571-573. [PDF]


Fahrig, Lenore. 1992. Relative importance of spatial and temporal scales in a patchy environment. Theoretical Population Biology. 41: 300-314. [PDF]


Fahrig, Lenore. 1990. Interacting effects of disturbance and dispersal on individual selection and population stability. Comments on Theoretical Biology. 1: 275-297. [PDF]


Fahrig, Lenore. 1988. Nature of ecological theories. Ecological Modelling. 43: 129-132. [PDF]

Fahrig, Lenore. 1988. A general model of populations in patchy habitats. Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computation. 27: 53-66. [PDF]

Fahrig, Lenore, and J.E. Paloheimo. 1988. Determinants of local population size in patchy habitats. Theoretical Population Biology. 34: 194-213. [PDF]

Fahrig, Lenore, and J.E. Paloheimo. 1988. Effect of spatial arrangement of habitat patches on local population size. Ecology. 69: 468-475. [PDF]


Fahrig, Lenore, and J.E. Paloheimo. 1987. Interpatch dispersal of the cabbage butterfly. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 65: 616-622. [PDF]


Fahrig, Lenore, and H.G. Merriam. 1985. Habitat patch connectivity and population survival. Ecology. 66: 1762-1768. [PDF]

Lefkovitch, L.P. , and L. Fahrig. 1985. Spatial characteristics of habitat patches and population survival. Ecological Modelling. 30: 297-308. [PDF]

Woolhouse, M.E.J. , R. Harmsen and L. Fahrig. 1985. On succession in a saxicolous lichen community. Lichenologist. 17: 167-172. [PDF]

Books and Book Chapters

Fahrig, Lenore . 2017. Forty years of bias in habitat fragmentation research. Chapter 5 in: Kareiva P, Silliman B, Marvier M. Effective conservation science: Data not dogma. Oxford. Pages 32-38. [PDF]

Bird Jackson, Heather , and Lenore Fahrig. 2013. Habitat loss and fragmentation. Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, 2nd Edition. S.A. Levin (ed.). Academic Press. Pages 50-58. [PDF]

Fahrig, Lenore . 2007. Estimating Minimum Habitat for Population Persistence. D.B. Lindenmayer and R.J. Hobbs. In Managing and designing landscapes for conservation: moving from perspectives to principles. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford. Pages 64-80. [PDF]

Fahrig, Lenore . 2007. Landscape Heterogeneity and Metapopulation Dynamics. in: J. Wu and R.J. Hobbs. Key topics and perspectives in landscape ecology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. Pages 78-89. [PDF]

Taylor, P. , L. Fahrig and K. With. 2006. Landscape connectivity: A return to basics.. K. R. Crooks and M. Sanjayan (eds.). Connectivity Conservation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. Pages 29-43. [PDF]

Fahrig, Lenore . 2005. When is a landscape perspective important?. in: J. Wiens and M. Moss (eds.). Issues and perspectives in landscape ecology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K. Pages 3-10. [PDF]

Fahrig, Lenore , and W.K. Nuttle. 2005. Population ecology in spatially heterogeneous environments. in: G.M. Lovett, C.G. Jones, M.G. Turner and K.C. Weathers (eds.). Ecosystem function in heterogeneous landscapes. Springer-Verlag, New York. Pages 95-118. [PDF]

McGregor, Rachelle , S. Derrane, D. Bender and L. Fahrig. 2003. The effect of traffic volume on translocated small mammal movement. in: C. Leroy Irwin, Paul Garrett, and K.P. McDermott (eds.) Proceedings of the International Conference on Ecology and Transportation, Raleigh, NC: Center for Transportation and the Environment, North Carolina State University, 2003. Pages 394-396.

Forman, R.T.T. , D. Sperling, J.A. Bissonette, A.P. Clevenger, C.D. Cutshall, V.H. Dale, L. Fahrig, R. France, C.R. Goldman, K. Heanue, J.A. Jones, F.J. Swanson, T. Turrentine, and T.C. Winter. 2003. Road ecology: Science and solutions. Island Press, Washington.

Brennan, Julie , D.J. Bender, T.A. Contreras, and L. Fahrig. 2002. When is a landscape perspective important. J. Liu and W. W. Taylor (eds.). Integrating landscape ecology into natural resource management. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, MA. Pages 68-91. [PDF]

Carr, Laurie , S.E. Pope and L. Fahrig. 2002. Impacts of landscape transformation by roads. In: Gutzwiller, K. J. (ed.) Applying Landscape Ecology in Biological Conservation. Pages 225-243.

Fahrig, Lenore . 2001. Animal Populations and Roads. in: G. Evink (ed.). Proceedings of the 2001 International Conference on Ecology and Transportation. North Carolina State University, Durham, NC. Pages 9-11. [PDF]

Holland, Jeffrey D. , and L. Fahrig. 2001. Landscape woody border increases insect diversity in alfalfa fields. C. Barr and S. Petit (eds.). Hedgerows of the world: their ecological function in different landscapes. IALE(UK), Aberdeen. Pages 167-176. [PDF]

Jaeger, Jochen , and L. Fahrig. 2001. Modelling the effects of road network patterns on population persistence: relative importance of traffic mortality and 'fence effect'. in: G. Evink (ed.). Proceedings of the 2001 International Conference on Ecology and Transportation. North Carolina State University, Durham, NC. Pages 298-312. [PDF]

Fahrig, Lenore . 1999. Forest loss and fragmentation: which has the greater effect on persistence of forest-dwelling animals?. J.A. Rochelle, C.A. Lehmann and J. Wisniewski (eds.). Forest fragmentation: wildlife and management implications.. Brill, Boston. Pages 87-95. [PDF]

Wegner, J. , K. Henein and L. Fahrig. 1999. Effects of vegetation type and adjacent land type on fencerow use by small mammals: a non-manipulative experiment. G.W. Barrett and J.D. Peles (eds.). The ecology of small mammals at the landscape scale: experimental approaches. Springer-Verlag, New York. [PDF]

Goodwin, Brett , and L. Fahrig. 1998. Spatial scaling and animal population dynamics. D. Peterson and V.T. Parker (eds.). Ecological scale: theory and application.. Columbia University Press, New York, NY. Pages 193-206. [PDF]

Grez, A.A. , R.O. Bustamante, J.A. Simonetti and L. Fahrig. 1998. Landscape ecology, deforestation, and forest fragmentation: the case of the Ruil forest in Chile. E.S. Ch‡vez and J. Middleton (eds.). Landscape ecology as a tool for sustainable development in Latin America. Available from the Internet. [PDF]

Fahrig, Lenore , and G. Merriam. 1995. Conservation of fragmented populations. D. Ehrenfeld (ed.). Readings in conservation biology: The landscape perspective. Society for Conservation Biology and Blackwell Science Inc., Don Mills.. Pages 16-25.

Fahrig, Lenore , and K. Freemark. 1995. Landscape-scale effects of toxic events for ecological risk assessment. J. Cairns Jr. and B.R. Niederlehner (eds.). Ecological toxicity testing: scale, complexity, and relevance. Lewis Publishers. Pages 193-208. [PDF]

Hansson, L. , L. Fahrig and H.G. Merriam (eds.). 1995. Mosaic Landscapes and Ecological Processes. IALE Studies in Landscape Ecology. Chapman and Hall, New York.

Harrison, S. , and L. Fahrig. 1995. Landscape Pattern and Population Conservation. L. Hansson, L. Fahrig and H.G. Merriam (eds.). Mosaic Landscapes and Ecological Processes. IALE Studies in Landscape Ecology. Chapman and Hall, New York. Pages 293-308. [PDF]

Fahrig, Lenore . 1991. Simulation methods for developing general landscape- level hypotheses of single species dynamics. Turner, M.G. and R.H. Gardner (eds.). Quantitative methods in landscape ecology. Springer Verlag, New York. Pages 417-442. [PDF]

Fahrig, Lenore , L.P. Lefkovitch and H.G. Merriam. 1983. Population stability in a patchy environment. in Lauenroth, W.K., G.V. Skogerboe and M. Flug (eds.). Analysis of ecological systems: state-of-the-art in ecological modelling. Elsevier, New York.. Pages 61-67. [PDF]

Selected Refereed Conference Presentations

Girard, Jude , J Pasher, S Mitchell, D King, L Fahrig, A Smith, and K Lindsay. 2011. Optimising landscape selection in a dynamic agricultural region. Spatial Ecology and Conservation. Birmingham, UK, September 5-7 2011.

Eberhardt, Ewen , S. Mitchell and L. Fahrig. 2009. Current and probable past wildlife fatality hotspots on the Thousand Islands Parkway, Ontario, Canada. Lees, B.G. and S.W. Laffan (eds), 10th International Conference on GeoComputation, UNSW, Sydney Australia, November 2009. [PDF]

Jaeger, Jochen , and L. Fahrig. 2004. Under what conditions do fences reduce the effects of transportation infrastructure on population persistence?. In: E. Turcott and H.G.J. Bekker (eds). 2003 IENE Conference Proceedings. Infra Eco Network Europe (IENE), Brussels, Belgium. [PDF]

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